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25th November 2014, 01:40 PM
Super Moderator
Join Date: Apr 2013
NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

I have completed M. Sc in Botany and want to give NET exam so please provide me the syllabus for preparation?

Here I am providing you syllabus of NET (National Level Test) exam for Botany. UGC CSIR NET syllabus is defined by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

Syllabus of NET for Botany:

Unit 1 : Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics
Nomenclature, purpose, principles and systems of classification; Taxonomy of higher plants, floras, manuals, monographs, index, catalogues and dictionaries, herbaria; Concepts of biosystematics, evolution and differentiation of species; Biosystematic and taxonomic tools; Origin, evolution and biosystematics of selected crops (rice, wheat, rape seed & mustard, cotton).

Unit 2 : Economically important plants –I
Origin, history, domestication, botany, genetic resource activities, cultivation, production and use of:
Cereals: Wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet and minor millets.
Pulses: Pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, cowpea, soyabean, pea, lentil, horsegram, lab-lab bean, ricebean, winged bean, French bean, lima bean, sword bean.
Oilseeds: Groundnut, sesame, castor, rape seed, mustard, sunflower, safflower, niger, oil palm, coconut and linseed.

Unit 3 : Economically important plants –II
Origin, distribution, cultivation, production and utilization of economic plants of following groups such as Fibres: cotton, silk cotton, jute, sunnhemp, agave, flax and mesta (kenoff); Sugars: sugarcane, sugarbeet, sugarpalm and sweet sorghum; Fodders and green manure crops: Plantation crops: coconut, cocoa, tea; root and tuber crops-: potato, sweet potato, tapioca, aroids etc.

Unit 4 : Economically important plants –III
Origin, distribution, classification, production and utilization of Fruits: mango, banana, citrus, guava, grapes and other indigenous fruits; apple, plum, pear, peach, cashewnut and walnut; Vegetables: tomato, brinjal, okra, cucumber, cole crops, gourds etc.; Fumigatories and masticatories: tobacco, betelvine, areacanut; medicinal and aromatic plants: sarpagandha, belladonna, cinchona, nux-vomica, vinca, mentha and glycirrhiza, plantago etc.; Narcotics: cannabis, datura, gloriosa, pyrethrum and opium; Dye-, tannin-, gum- and resin- yielding plants; Plant of agro-forestory importance: multipurpose trees/shrubs, subabool, Acacia nilotica, poplar, sesbania, neem etc.; non-traditional economic plants: jojoba, guayule, jatropha, carcus etc.

Unit 5 : Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources (PGR)
Biosphere and biodiversity; plant species richness and endemism; concept and importance of plant genetic resources and its increasing erosion; Centres of origin and diversity of crop plants, domestication, evaluation, bioprospecting; National and International organizations associated with PGR; Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), recent issues related to access and ownership of PGR, IPR,. PBRs, farmers rights, sui-generis system etc.

Unit 6 : Germplasm Augmentation
History and importance of germplasm collection, ecogeographical distribution of diversity, logistics of exploration and collection, use of flora and herbaria, random and selective sampling, genepool sampling in self and cross pollinated species; Concept, importance and ecogeographical considerations of introduction and exchange of plant germplasm; prerequisites conventions and achievements of PGR exchange.

Unit 7 : Germplasm Conservation
Principles and methods of conservation, in situ and ex situ methods, on – farm conservation; Gene banks: short-medium- and long-term conservation strategies; seed physiology and seed technology in conservation; seed storage behaviour (orthodox, recalcitrant), field genebanks, clonal respositories. Gene bank management, gene bank standard for various crops, ISTA, AOSA, IPGRI guidelines, documentation of information in gene bank.

Unit 8 : Biotechnology in PGR
Plant conservation biotechnology, biotechnology in plant germplasm acquisition; plant tissue culture in disease elimination, in vitro conservation and exchange; cryopreservation, transgenics – exchange and biosafety issues; biochemical and molecular approaches to assessing plant diversity.

Unit 9 : Plant Quarantine
Principles, objectives and relevance of plant quarantine; Regulations and plant quarantine set up in Indai; economic significance of seed borne pests, pathogens and weeds; detection and post entry quarantine operations, salvaging of infested/infected germplasm, domestic quarantine.

Unit 10 : Germplasm characterization, evaluation, maintenance and regeneration
Principles and strategies of PGR evaluation, approaches in germplasm characterization and diversity analysis, concept of core collection, descriptors and descriptor states for data scoring; maintenance of working and active collections of self-cross-pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops, perennials and wild relatives; principles and practices of regeneration in relation to mode of reproduction, concept of genetic integrity, genetic shift, genetic drift and optimum environment; post-harvest handling of germplasm; PGR data base management.

Last edited by sumit; 7th February 2020 at 11:40 AM.
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22nd November 2016, 02:45 PM
subhash kala
Re: NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

sir,give me newly syllabus of net-botny subject.
22nd November 2016, 02:47 PM
subhash kala
Re: NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

sir,i need ur kindness for searching the newly syllabus of ugc-net of botny subjects.i hope u will help me.
2nd August 2017, 10:29 AM
siddaram Talwar
Re: NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

I am now reading BED after completing i try to do msc in botany can i have eligible gor write NET exam
8th July 2018, 01:52 PM
Temo Hang Limboo
Re: NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

I am doing M.sc Botany, 1st year and i want to preparation for NET. So, anyone guide me to right path please. can also give me topics to study.
Thank you.
23rd November 2019, 08:31 AM
Re: NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

Hi, I am MSc Botany pass out student; I will be giving NET Exam this time, can you provide me the syllabus of Mains Subject - Environmental Sciences – for preparation of the exam?
23rd November 2019, 08:33 AM
Super Moderator
Join Date: Oct 2019
Re: NET Exam Syllabus for Botany

The syllabus of NET Mains Subject - Environmental Sciences is as follows:



Unit-I: Fundamentals of Environmental Sciences
Definition, Principles and Scope of Environmental Science.
Structure and composition of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and
Laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer processes, mass and energy transfer
across various interfaces, material balance.
Meteorological parameters - pressure, temperature, precipitation, humidity,
mixing ratio, saturation mixing ratio, radiation and wind velocity, adiabatic
lapse rate, environmental lapse rate. Wind roses.
Interaction between Earth, Man and Environment. Biogeographic provinces
of the world and agro-climatic zones of India. Concept of sustainable
Natural resources and their assessment. Remote Sensing and GIS: Principles
of remote sensing and GIS. Digital image processing and ground truthing.
Application of remote sensing and GIS in land cover/land use planning and
management (urban sprawling, vegetation study, forestry, natural resource),
waste management and climate change.
Environmental education and awareness. Environmental ethics.

Unit-II: Environmental Chemistry
Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry: Classification of elements,
Stoichiometry, Gibbs’ energy, chemical potential, chemical kinetics,
chemical equilibria, solubility of gases in water, the carbonate system,
unsaturated and saturated hydrocarbons, radioisotopes.
Composition of air. Particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere. Chemical
speciation. Chemical processes in the formation of inorganic and organic
particulate matters, thermochemical and photochemical reactions in the
atmosphere, Oxygen and Ozone chemistry. Photochemical smog.
Hydrological cycle. Water as a universal solvent. Concept of DO, BOD and
COD. Sedimentation, coagulation, flocculation, filtration, pH and Redox
potential (Eh).
Inorganic and organic components of soils. Biogeochemical cycles –
nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus and sulphur.
Toxic chemicals: Pesticides and their classification and effects. Biochemical
aspects of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, Cr) and metalloids (As, Se). CO, O3,
PAN, VOC and POP. Carcinogens in the air.
Principles of analytical methods: Titrimetry, Gravimetry, Bomb Calorimetry,
Chromatography (Paper Chromatography, TLC, GC and HPLC), Flame
photometry, Spectrophotometry (UV-VIS, AAS, ICP-AES, ICP-MS),
Electrophoresis, XRF, XRD, NMR, FTIR, GC-MS, SEM, TEM.

Syllabus of NET Mains Subject - Environmental Sciences

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File Type: pdf Syllabus of NET Mains Subject - Environmental Sciences.pdf (347.5 KB, 180 views)

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