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Old 12th May 2016, 02:25 PM
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Default Re: Municipal Corporation Development

In India, Municipal Corporations or City Corporation or Mahanagar Palika or Mahanagar Nigam are urban local government that works for the development of a city, which has a population of more than one million (10 lakh).

The growing population and urbanization in various cities of India were in need of a local governing body that can work for providing necessary community services like health care, educational institution, housing, transport etc. by collecting property tax and fixed grant from the State Government.

The 74th amendment made the provisions relating to Urban Local Governments (Nagarpalikas)

Three tier structure:
Municipal Corporations
Municipal Councils
Nagar Panchayats

Its sources of income are taxes on water, houses, markets, entertainment and vehicles paid by residents of the town and grants from the state government.

Mayor is the head of the Municipal Corporations in India. The Municipal Commissioner is the official in charge of this organization. Executive Officers monitor the implementation of all the programs related to planning and development of the corporation with the coordination of Mayor and Councillors.

Functions

Water supply
Hospitals
Roads
Over bridge
Street lighting
Drainage
Solid waste
Fire brigades
Market places
Records of births and deaths

Suggested Municipal Functions

The suggested functions to municipal corporations, municipalities and nagar panchayats are:

Essentially Municipal Functions
Urban planning including town planning
Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings
Planning for economic and social development
Roads and bridges
Water supply domestic, Industrial and commercial purposes
Public health, sanitation, conservancy and solid waste management
Fire services
Urban forestry
Preventive Health Care
Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds
Burials and burial grounds, cremations, cremation ghats/grounds and electric crematoria
Cattle pounds, prevention of cruelty to animals
Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths
Street lighting
Parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences
Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries
Slum improvement and up gradation

Agency Functions
Protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects
Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and the mentally retarded
Urban poverty alleviation
Promotion of cultural, education and aesthetic aspects
Primary Education
Primary Health Care
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