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Old 12th September 2017, 03:22 PM
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Join Date: Aug 2012
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Default Re: The Municipal Corporation

A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs. The growing population and urbanization in various cities of India were in need of a local governing body that can work for providing necessary community services like health care, educational institution, housing, transport etc. by collecting property tax and fixed grant from the State Government.

The area administered by a Municipal Corporation is known as a municipal area. Each municipal area is divided into territorial constituencies known as wards.

In india Municipal Corporation is made up of a Wards Committee.

Each ward has one seat in the Wards Committee. Members are elected to the Wards Committee on the basis of adult franchise for a term of five years.

These members are known as Councillors or Corporators.

The number of wards in a municipal area is determined by the population of the city.

Some seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, backward classes and women

Functions/services

Urban planning including town planning.

Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings.

Planning for economic and social development.

Roads and bridges.

Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes.

Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management.

Fire services.

Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological
aspects.

Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the
handicapped and mentally retarded.

Slum improvement and upgradation.

Urban poverty alleviation.

Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds.

Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects.

Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds and electric
crematoriums.

Cattle pounds; prevention of cruelty to animals.

Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths.

Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public
conveniences.

Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries
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