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4th March 2016, 09:34 AM
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Join Date: Apr 2013
Re: Scientific Research Methodology

The “scientific method” attempts to minimize the influence of the researchers' bias on the outcome of an experiment.

The researcher may have a preference for one outcome or another, and it is important that this preference not bias the results or their interpretation.

Sometimes "common sense" and "logic" tempt us

Sometimes "common sense" and "logic" tempt us into believing that no test is needed.
Another common mistake is to ignore or rule out data which do not support the hypothesis.

But there is no single, universal formal “scientific method”.

There are several variants and each researcher needs to tune the process to the nature of the problem and his / her working methods

Classical phases

Design experiment

Test hypothesis / Collect data

Interpret / Analyze results

Publish findings


Other variants

1. Define the question

2. Gather information and resources (observe)

3. Form hypothesis

4. Perform experiment and collect data

5. Analyze data

6. Interpret data and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypothesis

7. Publish results

8. Retest (frequently done by other scientists) and collect data

5. Analyze data

6. Interpret data and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypothesis

7. Publish results

8. Retest (frequency)


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