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29th July 2014, 03:31 PM
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Re: Indira Gandhi National Open University OPENMAT previous year question papers

As you want to get the Indira Gandhi National Open University OPENMAT previous year question papers so here it is for you:

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1. Which of the following is an odd one ?
(1) Aryabhatta
(2) Bhasa
(3) Bhaskara - (4) Bhaskaracharya - II
2. Whose painting has broken, for the first time, the one-crore price barrier for a painting by an
Indian ?
(1) M.F. Hussain (2) Tyeb Mehta
(3) Anjolie LIa Menon (4) Manjeet Bawa
3. The co-founder of Hotmail, Indian born Sabeer Bhatia, sold Hotmail to whom ?
(1) Microsoft (2) Apple (3) Google (4) Yahoo
4. Whose name is associated with innovative low-cost, environment friendly housing ?
(1) Aga Khan
(2) Ayyankali
(3) Laurie Baker
(4) Hafeez Contractor
5. The Bhoodan Movement by Vinoba Bhave had its beginning from :
(1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Karnataka
(3) Maharashtra (4) Gujarat
6. The function of Ozone layer is :
(1) to protect the earth from cosmic rays
(2) to stabilise the earth's temperature
(3) to filter harmful ultra violet rays of the sun
(4) to prevent the radiation from earth
7. Who is associated with Green Revolution in India ?
(1) C. Subramanyam (2) M.S. Swaminathan
(3) Dr. C.V. Kurien (4) Mathew George
8. A person well known as father Teresa is :
(1) Arvaratne (2) Gerhard Fischer
(3) Abdus sattar Edhi
(4) Baba Amte
9. In India Political Parties are given recognition by :
(1) Law Commission (2) Election Commission
(3) Speaker of the Lok Sabha (4) President
10. Civil Servants are not permitted io become
(1) Members of Parliament (2) Chief Election Commission
(3) Vice Chancellors of Universities (4) Heads of Commissions of Inquiry
11. Which of the following is Ravine Port of India ?
(1) Kolkata (2) Vishakhapatnam
(3) Nilumbai (4) Chennai
12. Name the indigenously built Unmanned air vehicle of India :
(1) Vikrant (2) Nishant (3) Prashant
(4) Revant
13. Which one is the most sparsely populated state in India ?
(1) Sikkim (2) Meghalaya
(3) Arunachal Pradesh
(4) Nagaland
14. The first country in the world to legalise euthanasia is :
(1) France (2) Sweden (3) Netherlands (4) Australia
15. The I:lead quarters of World Intellectual Property Organisation is located in :
(1) Athens (2) Geneva (3) Vienna (4) Paris
16. By which of the following names is Hong Kong Stock Exchange Index known as :
(1) Nikkei (2) Xetra dax (3) Hang Seng (4) Dow Jones
17. In 1975, which of the following merged with the Union of India ?
(1) Sikkim (2) Goa (3) Bhutan (4) Pondicherry
18. Article 370 of the Constitution of India deals with :
(1) procedure for amending the Constitution
(2) protection of life and personal property
(3) relations between Centre and States
(4) Special provisions for the state of Jammu and Kashmir
19. The full name of the musical instrument commonly called the Piano is :
(1) piannisi mo (2) pianoforte (3) pianomatic (4) panorama
20. The Human Genome Project is related to :
(1) Genetic mapping (2) Genetic engineering
(3)
E;enetic alteration (4) Genetic imitation
21. fhe substance which is lost by the human body during dehydration is :
(1) Sugar (2) otassium chloride
(3) Calcium phosphate Sodium chloride
22. Orthograohy is a discipline which is de'voted to the study of
(1) Stones (2) Mountains (3) Spelling
(4) Bones
23. In which of the following islands of India is an active volcano found
(1) Car Nicobar island (2) Nancowry island
(3) Barren island (4) Maya Sunder Island
24. Which among the following is the Winner of the .inanpith award ?
(1) Arundhati Roy (2) Pupul Javakar
(3) Mahaswcta Devi (4) Mohini Giri
25. The 'Messenger' satellite launched by NASA is to study :
(1) Mercury (2) Venus (3) Saturn
(4) Jupiter
26. Who is known as father of Economics ?
(1) Adam Smith
(2) David Recardo
(3) Gunnar Mvrdel
(4) Karl Mark
27. Faux Pas means :
(1) A tactless mistake
(2) A thing already done
(3) Let it pass
(4) Do not repeat it
28. Which of the following is the most abundant constituent of earth's crust ?
(1) Lime stone (2) Sand stone
(3) Igneous rocks (4) Sedimentary rocks
29. Science of studying consumer life style is called 7
(1) ergonomics
(2) kinesics
(3) psychographics
(4) biogenetics
30. Among the four Vedas, the oldest is :
(1) Atharva Veda
(2) Sam Veda
(3) Rig Veda
(4) Yajur Veda
Directions for questions 31 to 45 : This section consists of two passages followed by
questions based on the contents of the passages. Answer the questions following each
passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
Passage I
It would be extremely convenient to have a single, generally accepted index of economic
and social welfare of the people of our country. A glance at it would tell us how much better
or worse off we had become each year, and we would judge the desirability of any proposed
action by asking whether it would raise or lower this index. Some recent discussion implies
that such an index could be constructed. Articles in the popular press even criticise the
Gross National Product (GNP) because it is not such a complete index of the welfare, ignoring,
on the one hand, that it was never intended to be, and suggesting, on the other, that with
appropriate changes, it could he converted into one.
The output available to satisfy our wants and needs is one important determinant of
welfare. Whatever want, need, or social problem engages our attention, we ordinarily can
more easily find resources to deal with it when output is large and growing than when it is
not. GNP measures output fairly well, but to evaluate welfare we would need additional
measures which would be far more difficult to construct. We would need an index of real
costs incurred in production, because we're better off if we get the same output at less cost.
Use of just man hours for welfare evaluation would unreasonably imply that the increased
total hours by raising the hours of eight women from 60 to 65 a week imposes no more
burden than raising the hours of eight men from 40 to 45 a week, or even than hiring one
involuntarily unemployed person for 40 hours a week. A measure of real costs of labour
would also have to consider working conditions. Most of us spend almost half of our waking
hours on the job and our welfare is vitally affected by the circumstances in which we spend
those hours.
To measure welfare we would require a measure of changes in the need our output
must satisfy. One aspect, population change, is now handled by converting output to a per
capita basis on the assumption that, other things being equal, twice as many people need
twice as many goods and services to be equally well off. But an index of needs would also
account for differences in the requirements for living as the population becomes more
urbanised and suburbanised ; for the changes in national defence requirements ; and for
changes in the effect of weather on our needs. The index would have to tell us the cost of
meeting our needs in the base year as compared with cost of meeting them equally well
under the circumstances prevailing in every other year.
Measures of "needs" shape into measures of the human and physical environment in
which we live. We all are enormously affected by the people around us. Can we go where
we like without fear of attack ? We are also affected by the physical environment-purity of
water and air, accessibility of green areas and other conditions. To measure this requires
accurate data, but such data are generally deficient. Moreover, weighting is required: to
combine robberies and murders in a crime index; to combine pollution of the river and
pollution of the lakes into a water pollution index; and then to combine crime and water
pollution into some general index. But there is no basis for weighting these except on
individual preference.
There are further problems. We would need an index of the goodness of the
distribution of income. There is surely consensus that given the same total income and
output, a distribution with fewer families in poverty would be better, but what is the ideal
distribution "? Even if we could construct indices of output, real costs, needs, state of the
environment, we may not be able to compute a welfare index because we have no system of
weights to combine them.
31. The author's primary concern is to :
(1) refute the arguments for the position regarding the existing index.
(2) make the proposal for a new index and defend it.
(3) show defects in the present system.
(4) review literature relevant to the construction of index.
32. The author implies that the use of man hours is not an appropriate measure of the real cost
because it :
(1) ignores the conditions under which the output is generated.
(2) fails to take into consideration the environmental costs of production.
(3) it emphasises the output of real goods as opposed to services.
(4) is not an effective method of reducing unemployment.
33. It can be inferred from the passage that the most important reason why a single index of
welfare cannot be designed is :
(1) the cost associated with producing the index would be prohibitive
(2) considerable empirical research would have to be done regarding output and needs
(3) any weighting of various measures into a general index would be inherently subjective
and arbitrary
(4) production of the relevant data would require time, thus the index would be only a
reflection of past -welfare
34. The author regards the idea of a general index of welfare as :
(I)
an unrealistic dream
(2)
a scientific reality
(3)
an important contribution
(
4 )
a future necessity
35. According to the passage, the GNP is :
(1) A fairly accurate measure of output
(2) A reliable estimate of needs
(3) An accurate forecaster of welfare
(4) A precise measure of welfare
36. According to the passage, an adequate measure of need must take into account all of the
following except
changing size of the population
changing effects on people of the weather
differences in the needs of urban arid suburban populations
accessibility of green areas and other amenities
37. According to the passage, the criticism of the GNP as a complete index of welfare is unfair
because
(1) with appropriate changes it could become one
(2) it was never intended to be a general measure of welfare
(3) it is a good measure of output
(4) it emphasises the output of pure goods
38. The passage it is most likely :
(1) An address to a symposium on public policy decisions
(2) A chapter in a general introduction to a book
(3) A pamphlet on government programme to aid the poor
(4) A speech by the university vice chancellor to a graduating class
39. According to the passage, a single index of welfare is desirable because :
(1) it would allow us to evaluate the attractiveness of any developmental proposal by
simply analysing its impact on the index
(2) it would enable us to have a composite assessment of the welfare of people on a year to
year basis
(3) it would make an important contribution to our understanding of needs and output
(4) Both 1 and 2 above
40. According to the passage, it is desirable to consider working conditions while constructing a
measure of the real costs of labour because :
Conditions of work affect the labour output
Large proportions of our waking hours are spent at work and our welfare is profoundly
affected by the circumstances at the workplace
The real cost of labour are otherwise difficult to calculate
The cost of labour is a small proportion of the output cost
Passage II
l'he function of strategic 'planning is to position a company: for long term growth and
expansion in a varietv of markets by analyzing its strengths and weaknesses and examining
current and potent tat opportunities. Based on this information, the company develops strategy
for itself. That strategi, then becomes the basis for supporting strategies for its various
departments.
This is where all too many strategic plans go astray-at implementation. The recent
business management surveys show that most CEOs who have a strategic plan are concerned
with the potential breakdown in the implementation of the plan. Unlike nineteen eighties
and nineties corporations that blindly followed their five year plans even when they were
misguided, today's corporations tend to second guess.
An outsider can help facilitate the process, but in the final analysis, if the company
doesn't make the plan, the company won't follow the plan. This was one of the problems
with strategic planning in the nineteen eighties. In that era, it was an abstract, top down
process involving only a few top corporate officers and hired guns. Number crunching
experts came into a company and generated tome-like volumes filled with a mixture of
abstruse facts and grand theories which had little to do with the day to day realities of the
company. Key middle managers were left out of the planning sessions, resulting in lost
opportunities and ruffled feelings.
However, more hands-on strategic planning can produce startling results. A recent
survey queried over a thousand small to medium sized businesses to compare companies
with the strategic plan to companies without one. The survey found that companies with
strategic plans had annual revenue growth of 6.2 percent as opposed to 3.8 percent for the
other companies.
Perhaps most importantly, a strategic plan helps companies anticipate - and survive -
change. New technology and the mobility of capital mean that markets can shift faster than
ever before. Some financial analysts wonder why they should do the planning two years
ahead when market dynamics may be transformed by next quarter. The fact is that it is the
very pace of change that makes planning so crucial. Now, more than ever, companies have
to stay alert to the marketplace. In an environment of continual and rapid change, long
range planning expands options and organisational flexibility.
41. The primary purpose of the passage is to :
(1) refute the idea that change is bad for a corporation's long term health
(2) describe how long term planning, despite some potential pitfalls, can help a corporation
to grow
(3) compare and contrast two styles of corporate planning
(4) evaluate the strategic planning goals of corporate India today
42. It can be inferred from the passage that, in general, strategic planning during the nineteen
eighties and nineties had all of the following shortcomings EXCEPT :
(1) A reliance on outside consultants who did not necessarily understand the nuts and
bolts of the business
(2) A dependence on theoretical models that did not always perfectly describe the workings
of the company.
(3) An inherent weakness in the company's own ability to implement the strategic plan.
(4) An excess of information and data that made it difficult to get to the key concepts.
43. The author has most likely mentioned the results of the survey of 1,000 companies in order
to •
(1) Put forth an opposing view on strategic plans so that he can then refute it
(2) Illustrate that when strategic planning is hands on, it produces uninspiring results
(3) Give a concrete example of why a strategic planning did not work during the nineteen
eighties
(4) Support the contention that strategic planning when done correctly can be very
successful
44. The passage suggests which of the following about the financial analysts mentioned in it :
(1) They believe that strategic planning is the key to weathering the rapid changes of the
marketplace
(2) They are working to understand and anticipate market developments that are two
years ahead
(3) -their study of market dynamics had led them to question the reliability of short term
planning strategies
(4) They might not agree with the author that one way to survive rapidly changing
conditions comes from long range planning
45. The word abstruse facts used in the passage refers to facts that are :
(1) Difficult to comprehend (2) Unsubstantiated
(3) Imaginary (4) Accurate
Directions for questions 46 to 50 : Each of these questions consists of a word in capital
letters followed by four alternative words or phrases. From among the alternatives, choose
the word most nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital letters in each case.
46. ABYSMAL
(1) bottomless (2) eternal (3) meteoric (4) diabolic
47. CONSTRUE
(1) reserve (2) promote (3) explain (4) erect
48. EMANCIPATE
(1) take back (2) set free (3) make worse (4) embolden
49. FURTIVE
(1) underhanded (2) coy (3) brilliant (4) abortive
50. PIQUE
(1) pyramid (2) revolt (3) resentment (4) struggle
Directions for questions 51 to 55 : Each of these questions consists of a word in capital
letters followed by four alternative words or phrases. From among the alternatives, choose
the word most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters in each case.
51. AFFABLE
(1) rude (2) ruddy (3) needy 1) useless
HERETIC
( interpreter (2) believer (3) pacifist (4) owner
DISABUSE
(1) crash (2) violate (3) renege '; deceive
PRISTINE
(1) cultivated (2) condemned (3) irreligious (4) cautious
SENILITY
(1) virility (2) forgetfulness (3) youth (4) maturity
Directions for questions 56 to 60 : Each of these questions consists of a sentence with one
or two lines blanks, followed by four alternative words or set of words. In each case,
choose the word or set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence
as a whole.
56. An individual who is is incapable of
(1) fettered flight (2) modest shame
(3) penurious thought (4) ambitious failure
57. The reasoning in the editorial is so that we cannot see how anyone can be
by it :
(1) inconsistent defied (2) astute impressed
(3) cogent amused (4) specious deceived
58. The _..._. of the flat was unbelievable, it was difficult to realise that human beings
could live in such
(1) disorder isolation (2) squalor filth
(3) barrenness confusion (4) clutter proximity
59. When the disease is in state it is almost impossible to determine its existence by
(1) a dormant postulate (2) a critical. examination
(3) a latent observation (4) an acute analysis
60. Slander is like money; many people who would not coin it, it without
qualms.
(1) easy waste (2) borrowed denounced
(3) counterfeit circulate (4) safe withdraw
52.
53.
54.
55.
Directions for questions 61 to 65 : Each of these questions consists of a related pair of words
in capital letters followed by four pairs of words. Select the pair that best expresses a
relationship similar to that expressed in the pair in capital letters in each case.
61. TIRADE : ABUSIVE 7 :
(1) monologue : lengthy
(2) aphorism : boring
(3) prologue : conclusive
(4) encomiums : laudatory
62. ANNONATE TEXT :
(1) enact : law
(2) prescribe : medication
(3) caption : photograph
(4) censor : film
63. INDOLENT : WORK: :
(1) decisive : act (2) gullible : cheat
(3) perceptive : observe (4) taciturn : speak
64. TRYST : CLANDESTINE : :
(1) reverie : dreamy (2) acquaintanceship : brief
(3) expectation : hopeless (4) glance : resentful
65. APOCRYPHAL : AUTHENTICITY : :
(1) nefarious : wickedness
(2) dogmatic : assertive
(3) hypocritical : integrity
(4) deceptive : artifice
Directions for questions 66 to 75 :
In all these questions, either a part or the whole of the sentence is underlined. The sentence
is followed by four ways of writing the underlined part. Select the alternative which represents
the correct way of writing the underlined part as per standard written English.
66. Many travellers state unequivocally that the streets of Paris are more beautiful than any
other city.
(1) that the streets of Paris are more beautiful than the streets of any other city
(2) that Parisian streets of are more beautiful than any other city
(3) that unlike any city the streets of Paris are more beautiful
(4) that the streets of Paris are more beautiful than those in any other city
67. The phenomena of public education is another example of the workings of democracy.
(1) The phenomena of public education is an example of the workings of democracy
(2) The phenomena of public education is yet another example of democracy at work
(3) The phenomenon of public education is another example of democracy at work
(4) Public education, a phenomena, is another working example of democracy
68. She is not and does not intend to run for political office.
(1) is not running and will not intend to
(2) has not and does not run
(3) is not and will not run
(4) is not running and does not intend to run
69. He disapproves of you insisting that the string of pearls were misplaced on purpose.
(1) of insisting that the string of pearls were misplaced on purpose
(2) of you insisting that the string of pearls were misplaced on purpose
(3) of your insisting that the string of pearls was misplaced on purpose
(4) of you insisting that she misplaced the string of pearls purposely
70. Suman not only resists learning to correlate new facts but also remembering old lessons.
(1) not only resists learning to correlate new facts but also to remember
(2) resists not only learning to correlate new facts but also remembering
(3) resists not only learning to correlate new facts but also to remember
(4) resists learning to correlate new facts and remembering
71. Always harshly criticising the competition, the actress was at the ceremony to accept her
award.
(1) Despite her harsh criticism of the competition
(2) Any competition was criticized, yet
(3) Saying that all competitions should be harshly criticized
(4) In spite of criticizing all such competitions
72. The possibility of massive earthquakes are regarded by most area residents with a mixture of
skepticism and caution.
(1) is regarded by most area residents with
(2) is regarded by most area residents as
(3) is mostly regarded by most area residents with
(4) by most area residents is regarded with
73. Unafraid of neither lightening nor thunder during a storm, Mr. Iyer enjoyed walking in the
park during heavy downpours.
(1) Afraid of both lightening and thunder
(2) Unafraid of neither lightening or thunder
(3) Unafraid of either lightening or thunder
(4) Afraid of either lightening nor thunder
74. Tt is said that to be afraid of the dark is beinc afraid of all those things we cannot comprehend.
(1) said, that to be afraid of the dark, is being afraid
(2) said that to be afraid of the dark is to be afraid
(3) said being afraid of the dark is to be afraid
(4) that to be afraid of the dark is being afraid
75. Her lecture was unsuccessful not so much because of her lack of preparation but instead
because of her inability to organize her material.
(1) as (2) so much as (3) than (4) rather than
Directions for questions 76 - 80.
Each of these questions consists of an idiom, followed by fOur alternatives. Select the alternative
that gives the correct meaning of the idiom.
76. Finding Your Feet :
(1) To become more comfortable in whatever you are doing
(2) Becoming financially independent
(3) Locating your shoes
(4) Attain a balance
77. Go The Extra Mile :
(1) Take a detour
(2) Take the longer route
(3) Go above and beyond whatever is required
(4) Be extravagant
78. Go Out On A Limb
(1) Stand on one leg
(2) Put yourself in a tough position in order to support someone/something
(3) Extend your arm
(4) Extend a peace offer
79. Make No Bones About
(1) care very little about an issue
(2) to state a fact so there are no doubts or objections
(3) find fault with everything
(4) being shameless
80. A Blessing in Disguise
(1) Something good that isn't recognized at first
(2) A sudden bonanza
(3) A camouflaged package
(4) An enigmatic person



For more detailed information I am uploading PDF files which are free to download:



Contact Details:
Indira Gandhi National Open University
Maidan Garhi,
IGNOU Rd,
New Delhi,
Delhi 110068 ‎
011 2957 1000 ‎
India

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